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Sexual and Reproductive Health for Teens and Young Adults

 

Sexual and Reproductive health

Gynecologic Visit

Birth Control

Teen Pregnancy

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Gynecologic Visit

Health exams and tests can help find problems before they start. They can also help find problems early. This is when your chances for treatment are better. If you have had sex, you may need some special health exams.

During your checkup, your health care provider will usually do:

  • A pelvic exam: an exam to check if female organs are normal by feeling their shape and size.
  • A Pap test: a test to check for cancer of the cervix, the opening to a woman's uterus. Cells from the cervix are checked under a microscope.
  • A breast exam: to check for breast cancer by feeling and looking at your breasts.

Your health care provider may also recommend other tests like a test for HPV.1

For more information about your first gynecologist visit, click here.

Material adapted from MedlinePlus
1. Womens health checkup. (2015, March 19).

 

 

Birth Control

Prevention stock photo

Birth control, also known as contraception, is made to prevent pregnancy. Birth control methods may work in a couple of ways.

These include:

  • Condoms, diaphragms and intrauterine devices (IUDs): prevent sperm from getting to the eggs.
  • Birth control pills: keep eggs from leaving your ovaries. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with the sperm.

Your choice of birth control should depend on a few things. These include your health, how often you have sex and the number of sexual partners. Your health care provider can help you choose the best type of birth control for you.1

Material adapted from MedlinePlus
1. Birth Control. (2015, Aug 31).

 

 

Teen Pregnancy

Most teenage girls don't plan to get pregnant, but many do. Teen pregnancies have more health risks to both the mother and the baby. Often, teens don't get prenatal care (care while pregnant) soon enough. This can lead to problems later on. Teen pregnancies have a higher risk for high blood pressure. Babies are at risk for being born too early or not weighing enough.

If you're a pregnant teen, take these steps to help yourself and your baby:

  • Get prenatal care during your pregnancy
  • Take prenatal vitamins that will keep you healthy and stop some birth defects
  • Avoid cigarettes, alcohol and drugs
  • Use a condom if you have sex to prevent sexually transmitted diseases that could hurt your baby1

Material Adapted from MedlinePlus
1. Teenage pregnancy. (2015, Aug 31).

 

 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

STDs are diseases you get from having sex with someone who has an STD. STDs are caused by bacteria, parasites and viruses. There are over 20 types of STDs.  Here are some of the most common STDs:

Most STDs harm men and women. A lot of the time they can harm women more. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it could harm the baby.

Some STDs have no cure, but can be helped with medicines. Condoms are the best way to prevent STDs. But there is still some risk even with condom use. It’s important to know how to use a condom and to use one each time you have sex.1

Material Adapted from MedlinePlus
1. Sexually transmitted diseases. (2015, May 19).